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Kabaddi is a contact team sport, which needs skill and power, and cornflakes the characteristics of wrestling and rugby.
The games in Kabaddi are 40 minutes long. Each side has 7 players when the game strats and there will be 5 substitutes for each side as well.
Played between two of teams of 7 players, the objective of the game is for single player on offence, referred to as “raider”, to run into opposing team’s half of a court, tag out as many of their defenders as possible, and return to their own half of the court, all without being tackled by the defenders, and in a single breath.
Points are scored for each player tagged by the raider, while the opposing team earns a point for stopping the raider. Players are taken out of the game if they are tagged or tackled, but are brought back in for each point scored by their team from a lag or tackle.
It is a sport played on a court, which is divided into two halves. The size of the court is about 13m x 10m.
PS : This is the court style used in Pro Kabaddi League, size may vary slightly for international or local matches.
In the picture shown above,
- Players who get out are made to sit on the sitting block and they can go in only in the same order they came out.
- Bonus Line is only active when there are 6 or more players on court in the opposite team.
Objectives During a Raid :
- In order to make the raid valid, the raider must cross the baulk/check link with one foot with the other one in the air.
- The raider tries to tag members of the other team and run back to his side, each player he touches equals one point for his team if he makes it back safely.
However, the raider must start repeatedly saying “Kabaddi” before he crosses the midline and cannot stop repeating this word until he crosses back over to his team’s side.
If he stops saying “Kabaddi” on the opponent’s side of the court, even momentarily, he can’t go out and has to go out.
In this case, one point is awarded to the defending team for a successful play.
- In order to get a bonus point, the raider must cross the baulk/check line with one foot with the other one in the air, when the defending team has 6 or 7 defenders.
- The time of the raid is limited to 30 seconds. If the raider fails to reach his half within this stipulated time, he goes out and the opposition team gets one point awarded.
- The Defending Team’s goal is to keep the raider from tagging you and crossing back over the midline. One can do this either by running away from him or physically restraining him by tackling or grabbing him.
- Note that a raider may not be grabbed or held by his clothes, hair, or any part of his body other than his limbs and torso. If the referee finds that any of these is done, the raider gets a technical point awarded.
- If the Defending team successfully tackles the raider and prevents him from going back, it gives them 1 point.
- If a team has three unproductive(empty) raids in a row, the third raider is out. An empty raid occurs when a raider cannot score any points (or loses points) during a raid. If a raider can cross the baulk line and return to his side of the court, the raid counts as a valid one even if he doesn’t tag anyone.
- Players are revived in the order they were eliminated — bringing back players out of order results in a point for the other team.
- It is a point in the game when all the players of the team are sent off by the other team. At this point, the other team gets extra points (2 in Pro Kabaddi).
- If the raider successfully gets 3 or more defenders out, it is called a super raid. (In case of bonus point + 2 defenders out is also called a super raid)
- If the defending team successfully tackles the raider, with 3 or fewer defenders in the side, it is called a super tackle and the defending team gets extra points (1 in Pro Kabaddi, hence the defending team gets 2 points instead of 1 point in a normal scenario for their efforts).
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